US-CERT Technical Cyber Security Alert TA11-166A -- Adobe Updates for Multiple Vulnerabilities

16/06/11, US-CERT Technical Cyber Security Alert TA11-166A -- Adobe Updates for Multiple Vulnerabilities
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To: technical-alerts@us-cert.gov
Subject: US-CERT Technical Cyber Security Alert TA11-166A -- Adobe Updates for Multiple Vulnerabilities
From: US-CERT Technical Alerts <technical-alerts@us-cert.gov>
Date: Wed, 15 Jun 2011 13:04:29 -0400
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                    National Cyber Alert System

              Technical Cyber Security Alert TA11-166A


Adobe Updates for Multiple Vulnerabilities

   Original release date: June 15, 2011
   Last revised: --
   Source: US-CERT


Systems Affected

     * Adobe Reader X (10.0.1) and earlier 10.x versions for Windows
     * Adobe Reader X (10.0.3) and earlier 10.x versions for Macintosh
     * Adobe Reader 9.4.3 and earlier 9.x versions for Windows and Macintosh
     * Adobe Reader 8.2.6 and earlier 8.x versions for Windows and Macintosh
     * Adobe Acrobat X (10.0.3) and earlier 10.x versions for Windows and Macintosh
     * Adobe Acrobat 9.4.3 and earlier 9.x versions for Windows and Macintosh
     * Adobe Acrobat 8.2.6 and earlier 8.x versions for Windows and Macintosh
     * Shockwave Player 11.5.9.620 and earlier versions for Windows and Macintosh.
     * Adobe Flash Player 10.3.181.23 and earlier versions for Windows, Macintosh, Linux and Solaris operating systems
     * Adobe Flash Player 10.3.185.23 and earlier versions for Android


Overview

   Adobe has released Security Bulletin APSB11-16, which describes
   multiple vulnerabilities affecting Adobe Reader and Acrobat.

   Adobe has released Security Bulletin APSB11-17, which describes
   multiple vulnerabilities affecting Adobe Shockwave Player.

   Adobe has released Security Bulletin APSB11-18, which describes
   multiple vulnerabilities affecting Adobe Flash Player.


I. Description

   Adobe Security Bulletin APSB11-16 describes a number of
   vulnerabilities affecting Adobe Reader and Acrobat. These
   vulnerabilities affect Reader and Acrobat 9.3.4, earlier 9.x
   versions, 8.2.6, and earlier 8.x versions. These vulnerabilities
   also affect Reader X and Acrobat X 10.0.3, 10.0.1, and earlier 10.x
   versions.

   An attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities by convincing a
   user to open a specially crafted PDF file. The Adobe Reader browser
   plug-in, which can automatically open PDF documents hosted on a
   website, is available for multiple web browsers and operating
   systems.

   Adobe Security Bulletin APSB11-17 describes a number of
   vulnerabilities affecting Adobe Shockwave Player. These
   vulnerabilities affect Shockwave Player 11.5.9.620 and earlier
   versions.

   An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by convincing a user
   to open specially crafted Shockwave content. Shockwave content is
   commonly hosted on a web page, but it can also be embedded in PDF
   and other documents or provided as a stand-alone file.

   Adobe Security Bulletin APSB11-18 describes a number of
   vulnerabilities affecting Adobe Flash Player. These vulnerabilities
   affect Flash Player 10.3.181.23 and earlier versions for Windows,
   Macintosh, Linux and Solaris operating systems. These
   vulnerabilities also affect Flash Player 10.3.185.23 and earlier
   versions for Android.

   An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by convincing a user
   to open specially crafted Flash content. Flash content is commonly
   hosted on a web page, but it can also be embedded in PDF and other
   documents or provided as a stand-alone file.


II. Impact

   These vulnerabilities could allow a remote attacker to execute
   arbitrary code, write arbitrary files or folders to the file
   system, escalate local privileges, or cause a denial of service on
   an affected system as the result of a user opening a malicious PDF
   file.

   If a user opens specially crafted Shockwave content, a remote
   attacker may be able to execute arbitrary code.

   If a user opens specially crafted Flash content, a remote attacker
   may be able to execute arbitrary code.


III. Solution

   Update Reader

   Adobe has released updates to address this issue. Users are
   encouraged to read Adobe Security Bulletin APSB11-16 and update
   vulnerable versions of Adobe Reader and Acrobat.

   Update Adobe Shockwave Player

   Adobe has released updates to address this issue. Users are
   encouraged to read Adobe Security Bulletin APSB11-17 and update
   vulnerable versions of Adobe Shockwave Player.

   Update Adobe Flash Player

   Adobe has released updates to address this issue. Users are
   encouraged to read Adobe Security Bulletin APSB11-18 and update
   vulnerable versions of Adobe Adobe Flash Player.

   Disable Flash in your web browser

   Uninstall Flash or restrict which sites are allowed to run Flash.
   To the extent possible, only run trusted Flash content on trusted
   domains. For more information, see Securing Your Web Browser.

   Disable Flash in Adobe Reader and Acrobat

   Disabling Flash in Adobe Reader will mitigate attacks that rely on
   Flash content embedded in a PDF file. Disabling 3D & Multimedia
   support does not directly address the vulnerability, but it does
   provide additional mitigation and results in a more user-friendly
   error message instead of a crash. To disable Flash and 3D &
   Multimedia support in Adobe Reader 9, delete, rename, or remove
   access to these files:

   Microsoft Windows
   "%ProgramFiles%\Adobe\Reader 9.0\Reader\authplay.dll"
   "%ProgramFiles%\Adobe\Reader 9.0\Reader\rt3d.dll"

   Apple Mac OS X
   "/Applications/Adobe Reader 9/Adobe Reader.app/Contents/Frameworks/AuthPlayLib.bundle"
   "/Applications/Adobe Reader 9/Adobe Reader.app/Contents/Frameworks/Adobe3D.framework"

   GNU/Linux (locations may vary among distributions)
   "/opt/Adobe/Reader9/Reader/intellinux/lib/libauthplay.so"
   "/opt/Adobe/Reader9/Reader/intellinux/lib/librt3d.so"

   File locations may be different for Adobe Acrobat or other Adobe
   products that include Flash and 3D & Multimedia support. Disabling
   these plugins will reduce functionality and will not protect
   against Flash content hosted on websites. Depending on the update
   schedule for products other than Flash Player, consider leaving
   Flash and 3D & Multimedia support disabled unless they are
   absolutely required.

   Disable JavaScript in Adobe Reader and Acrobat

   Disabling JavaScript may prevent some exploits from resulting in
   code execution. Acrobat JavaScript can be disabled using the
   Preferences menu (Edit -> Preferences -> JavaScript; uncheck Enable
   Acrobat JavaScript).

   Adobe provides a framework to blacklist specific JavaScipt APIs. If
   JavaScript must be enabled, this feature may be useful when
   specific APIs are known to be vulnerable or used in attacks.

   Prevent Internet Explorer from automatically opening PDF files

   The installer for Adobe Reader and Acrobat configures Internet
   Explorer to automatically open PDF files without any user
   interaction. This behavior can be reverted to a safer option that
   prompts the user by importing the following as a .REG file:

   Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

   [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AcroExch.Document.7]
   "EditFlags"=hex:00,00,00,00

   Disable the display of PDF files in the web browser

   Preventing PDF files from opening inside a web browser will
   partially mitigate this vulnerability. If this workaround is
   applied, it may also mitigate future vulnerabilities.

   To prevent PDF files from automatically being opened in a web
   browser, do the following:

   1. Open Adobe Acrobat Reader.
   2. Open the Edit menu.
   3. Choose the Preferences option.
   4. Choose the Internet section.
   5. Uncheck the "Display PDF in browser" checkbox.

   Do not access PDF files from untrusted sources

   Do not open unfamiliar or unexpected PDF files, particularly those
   hosted on websites or delivered as email attachments. Please see
   Cyber Security Tip ST04-010.


IV. References

 * Security update available for Adobe Reader and Acrobat -
   <http://www.adobe.com/support/security/bulletins/apsb11-16.html>

 * Adobe Reader and Acrobat JavaScript Blacklist Framework -
   <http://kb2.adobe.com/cps/504/cpsid_50431.html>

 * Security update available for Adobe Flash Player -
   <http://www.adobe.com/support/security/bulletins/apsb11-18.html>

 * Security update available for Adobe Shockwave Player -
   <http://www.adobe.com/support/security/bulletins/apsb11-17.html>

 ____________________________________________________________________

   The most recent version of this document can be found at:

     <http://www.us-cert.gov/cas/techalerts/TA11-166A.html>
 ____________________________________________________________________

   Feedback can be directed to US-CERT Technical Staff. Please send
   email to <cert@cert.org> with "TA11-166A Feedback" in
   the subject.
 ____________________________________________________________________

   For instructions on subscribing to or unsubscribing from this
   mailing list, visit <http://www.us-cert.gov/cas/signup.html>.
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   Produced 2011 by US-CERT, a government organization.

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Revision History

  June 15, 2011: Initial release


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